Julius Caesar



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Timeline of his life

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13 July, Caesar born into a patrician family
Marries Cornelia, the daughter of Cinna who had been consul four times
Refuses to divorce his wife when ordered to by Sulla; forced to leave Rome
Sent as legate (lieutenant) to King of Bithynia to help in the collection of a fleet
Wins the civic crown (awarded for bravery in battle, particularly for saving the life of a Roman citizen); Caesar is returned to Sulla’s favour while on military duty in Asia
Leaves Rome for Rhodes; on the way he is captured by pirates who hold him for ransom
Punishes pirates on his own initiative; assists in military activities in Asia Minor
Becomes a member of the College of Pontiffs (a pontifex)
Delivers a speech in the extortion court on behalf of the people of Bithynia; member of College of Pontiffs
Becomes a military tribune; member of College of Pontiffs
Speaks in favour of a bill to grant amnesty to the followers of Lepidus and Sertorius; member of College of Pontiffs
Quaestor in Further Spain; before his departure for Spain he speaks at the funerals of his aunt Julia and wife Cornelia; member of College of Pontiffs; marries Pompeia, distant relative of Pompey
Quaestor in Further Spain; goes to Transpadane Gaul where he has a strong patron-client base; member of College of Pontiffs
Curator of the Appian Way; speaks in support of Gabinian law which gives Pompey extraordinary command over pirates; member of College of Pontiffs
Supports the Manilian Bill giving additional powers to Pompey; member of College of Pontiffs
Becomes curule aedile; while in this position he falls into great debt entertaining the Romans with magnificent games; member of College of Pontiffs
Appointed magistrate in charge of one of the courts in Rome; supports an agrarian bill which could have benefitted Rome’s unemployed; member of College of Pontiffs
Prosecutes an ex-consul (Piso) for an unjust execution of a Transpadene citizen; elected pontifex maximus (chief priest); speaks in the Senate against using the death penalty for conspirators
Becomes praetor; divorces Pompeia because of Clodius’ sacrilegious acts in Caesar’s home; Pontifex Maximus
Becomes governor of Further Spain; has great military success and accrues enough wealth to pay back his debts; Pontifex Maximus
Formation of the First Triumvirate; Pontifex Maximus
Consul with Bibulus; honours his commitments to his triumvirs and puts through an agrarian bill; receives command of Cisalpine Gaul and Illyricum, later extended to Transpadene Gaul; Caesar marries Calpurnia; Pompey marries Caesar’s daughter Julia; Pontifex Maximus
Proconsul; military action against the Helvetii and Ariovistus and the Germans; Pontifex Maximus
Still campaigning in Gaul; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Still campaigning in Gaul; conference at Luca, extension of Caesar’s command agreed upon; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Still campaigning in Gaul; first expedition to Britain; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Second expedition to Britain; campaigns in northern Gaul; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Campaigns in northern Gaul continue; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Gallic revolt under Vercingetorix occupies Caesar militarily; in Rome efforts are being made to allow Caesar to stand for the consulship in absentia; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Final pacification of Gaul; attempts to make Caesar return to Rome; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Attempts to bring Caesar home continue; Proconsul and Pontifex Maximus
Caesar crosses the Rubicon and civil war erupts; first period of dictatorship (11 days); Pontifex Maximus
Caesar is consul; takes battle to Greece and Egypt; Caesar is dictator for a year, beginning in October; Pontifex Maximus
War in Alexandria; defeats Pharnaces, King of Pontus; Pontifex Maximus
Caesar is consul; wins battle of Thapsus in Africa; dictator for ten years; Pontifex Maximus
Sole consul; wins battle of Munda in Spain; dictator for life; Pontifex Maximus
Consul, Pontifex Maximus; assassinated on 15 March