Spartan Society to the Battle of Leuctra, 371 BC

- Syllabus Content - Map - Past Questions -


Past HSC Questions

(from Assessment and Reporting in Ancient History Stage 6, page 8)
Section II: Ancient Societies (25 marks)
  • There will be 10 questions, one for each ancient society.
  • Each question will consist of four or five parts.
  • A source will be provided for each society.
  • Candidates will be required to answer the question on the ancient society they have studied.
  • The expected length of response will be around eight pages of an examination writing booklet (approximately 1000 words) in total.

HSC 2011
(a) What was the Great Rhetra? (2 marks)
(b) Outline the main features of the syssitia. (3 marks)
(c) Describe the role of the ekklesia. (5 marks)
(d) With reference to Source R and other sources, what does the evidence reveal about people’s lives in this period? (15 marks)
Source R: Xenophon, Constitution of the Spartans 6
He [Lycurgus] even authorised them [the Spartans] to use other people’s household servants if anybody needed them. He also authorised hunting dongs to be shared, so that men who need some, ask to take them on their hunt, and the owner is pleased to send them if he is not at leisure himself.

HSC 2010
Question 17 — Option I – Greece: Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra371 BC (25 marks)
(a) Who were the perioikoi? (2 marks)
(b) Describe the role of the krypteia. (5 marks)
(c) How was Sparta governed? (8 marks)
(d) With reference to Source P and other sources, what does the evidence reveal about Spartan religious practices? (10 marks)
(Source P: Lead figurines from the Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia)

HSC 2009
Question 12 — Option I – Greece: Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC (25 marks)
(a) What was the agoge? (3 marks)
(b) Outline the role of the gerousia in this period. (4 marks)
(c) Describe the main features of the Spartan economy in this period. (6 marks)
(d) With reference to Source 14 and other sources, explain the role of the kings in Spartan society.

2009_Leonidas.jpg
(Source 14: Statue identified as Leonidas)

HSC 2008

Question 12 — Option I – Greece: Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC (25 marks)
(a) Name TWO natural resources of Sparta. (2 marks)
(b) Who were the helots? (3 marks)
(c) Describe the roles and status of women in Spartan society. (8 marks)
(d) With reference to Source 14 and other sources, explain the significance of Lycurgus’ reforms to Spartan society. (12 marks)

Lycurgus, who gave them the laws that they obey, and to which they owe their prosperity, I do regard with wonder; and think that he reached the utmost limit of wisdom. For it was not by imitating other states, but by devising a system utterly different from that of most others, that he made his country pre-eminently prosperous.
Source 14: Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaemonians, 2

HSC 2007

Question 12 — Option I – Greece: Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra 371BC (25marks)
(a) Name TWO ancient authors who wrote about Sparta. (2 marks)
(b) What was the syssitia? (3 marks)
(c) With reference to Source 15 and other sources, describe the main features of Spartan religious festivals. (8 marks)
(d) Explain the importance of the army in Spartan society. (12 marks)

Source15: Statue of Apollo found in Laconia

HSC 2006

Question 12 — Option I – Greece: Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC (25 marks)
(a) Name TWO gods/goddesses worshipped at Sparta. (2 marks)
(b) Who was Lycurgus? (2 marks)
(c) Describe the role of the agoge in the education of Spartan boys. (5 marks)
(d) Outline the main roles of the Spartan kings. (6 marks)
(e) With reference to Source 13 and other sources, explain the significance of women in Spartan society. (10 marks)

Source 13: Spartan woman involved in a religious rite